Ranchi pronunciation (help·info) (Hindi: ?????, Urdu: ?????, Bengali: ?????) is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand. Jharkhand accounts for 40% of the mineral resources of India. Ranchi accounts for 50% mineral production of the state, nearing about 18% of nation's mineral production. For this reason Ranchi is also called the Manchester of the East. Ranchi was the centre of the Jharkhand movement for a separate state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, northern Orissa, Western West Bengal and the present eastern Chhattisgarh. Jharkhand State was formed on 15 November 2000 by carving the Bihar divisions of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas
Ranchi is located at 23.35°N 85.33°E. The total area covered by the Ranchi municipal area is 175.12 square kilometres and the average elevation of the city is 629 m above sea level.
Ranchi is located on the southern part of the Chota Nagpur plateau which forms the eastern edge of the Deccan plateau. Ranchi is referred to as the "City of Waterfalls", due to the presence of numerous large and small falls of around the close vicinity of the city. The most popular ones are Dasham, Hundru, Jonha Falls, Hirni and Panchghat.
The Subarnarekha river and its tributaries constitute the local river system. Dams in Kanke, Rukka and Hatia have been built over these channels to cater to the water requirements of majority the population.
In the 2001 India census, Ranchi had a population of 846,454. As per the Ranchi Municipal Corporation the current population figure stands approximately at 12.5 Lakhs (1.25 Million). Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Ranchi has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 68%. In Ranchi, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Interestingly, as per the last Census it was found that the cases of Divorce in this State has increased manyfold. The city witnessed a sudden surge in population after the declaration of the new state of Jharkhand in 2000. Owing to the rising employment opportunities and opening of numerous regional and state level offices, banks, and FMCG companies, the city witnessed a rapid influx of employment seeking migrants. As per a study done by ASSOCHAM in late 2010, Ranchi was the highest employment generating Tier-III city in India with a share of 16.8%, followed by Managlore and Mysore.
PLACES TO SEE
Nakshatra Van - near Raj Bhawan (Governor's House)
Aqua World (Machhli Ghar)- just beside Nakshtra Van, near Raj Bhawan.
Birsa Zoological Park - 14 km from Ranchi
Night Safari - 14 km from Ranchi
Deer Park - 16 km from Ranchi on Ranchi-Khunti Road
Sidhu Kaanhu Park
Dr. Zakhir Hussain Park
Ranchi Hill / Rici Buru - Pahari Baba Temple
Tagore hill - Morabadi, 5 km from the center of the city
Rock Garden - Kanke Road, 4 km from the center of the city
Fun Castle - Ratu, 7 km from Ranchi
Crocodile Farm - Ormanjhi, 19 km from Ranchi
Ranchi Lake - Man made lake digged by the British in the heart of the city
Hundru Falls - One of the Highest waterfalls of Eastern India.
Jonha Falls - About 35 km from Ranchi
Hirni and Panchghagh Falls about 40–45 km away from the city, very popular with picnickers